The engagement was anounced between Infante Dom Henrique of Portugal, Duque de Coimbra (son of Dom Duarte, Duque de Bragança, and of his wife, née Princess Maria Francisca of Orléans-Bragança), and Isabel Nogueira.
Portugal: de Braganca's
Geplaatst 04 januari 2006 - 20:40
Geplaatst 04 januari 2006 - 20:41
Mijn verslag van een leuke ontmoeting met de middelste van de drie broers, Dom Miguel, in Altshausen, 8 augustus 2003:
Met hierbij twee foto's die ik op 9 augustus 2003 van hem maakte.
Geplaatst 04 januari 2006 - 20:45
Volgens het Franco-Iberian Royals Message Board wordt Dom Henrique zo vaak verliefd, dat dit ook wel niet lang zal duren. Ik heb geen idee. Jong is hij in ieder geval niet meer.
Ah, tja zoveel kennis heb ik niet van dit huis, maar dit plaatst het bericht in een heel ander perspectief...
Geplaatst 04 januari 2006 - 20:46
Geplaatst 04 januari 2006 - 21:39
Ik heb het vlug opgezocht en dit is wat ik vond.
Economisch en sociaal ging het in Portugal niet voor de wind in 1910 en sinds de moordaanslag op Koning Carlos I en kroonprins Luis-Philippe won de republikeinse partij meer en meer voorstanders.
Toen er ene bloedbad dreigde in 1910 besloot Koning Manuel het land te verlaten en het werd ineens een republiek. Die in 1926 werd vervangen door een militair bewind.
Geplaatst 24 februari 2006 - 08:51
Hieronder enkele stukken die je kan kopen richtprijs tussen de 150 en 1500 euro...
Geplaatst 24 februari 2006 - 10:29
Geplaatst 31 maart 2006 - 10:23
Ook in de Europese families zijn met enige regelmaat prinsessen te vinden van deze tak.
The Amazon Throne
The Orleans-Braganza of Brazil
During the XIXth century Europe exported two dynasties across the Atlantic to America. The first was established by the Portuguese royal family in Brazil during Napoleonic times; the second was established under the sponsorship of Napoleon III in Mexico. Of the two, the Mexican experiment was the most short-lived for it barely lasted four years. In contrast, the Brazilian empire lasted almost the entire century.
Fearing Napoleon's onslaught the Portuguese royal family left Lisbon and moved their court to Brazil, the crown's most prized possession. Dom Joao of Braganza, Regent of Portugal, packed his family and his demented mother, Queen Maria I, and headed for the sunny coasts of Brazil. As the Portuguese royal family left Lisbon, Napoleon's troops led by the anti-monarchist General Junot overran the Portuguese border. On a cold November morning in 1807, the royal exodus started its long voyage into exile. Along with the royal family came an entourage estimated to include almost fifteen thousand people. The people of Lisbon watched in dismay as their ruler abandoned the country to the fate of the invading Napoleonic legions. But he had made the decision to escape the invasion, nothing would deter Dom Joao who believed that moving to Brazil would save his family from becoming Napoleon's puppets just as some of his royal cousins throughout Europe had Dome.
The Portuguese royal contingent arrived on the coasts of Brazil on January 21, 1808. Brazilians who witnessed this most unexpected arrival went wild with ovations for the exiled royals. Two months later the royal party arrived at their final destination, the beautiful port of Rio de Janeiro. It was at Rio that Dom Joao decided to settle his court in exile, and it was from there that he vigorously rebuild the fortunes of his shattered kingdom. Dom Joao opened Brazilian ports to foreign trade and basically constituted the colony into an independent, self-reliant kingdom under the rule of the House of Braganza. In due time, Dom Joao would acquire properties in the countryside to where the royal family would retire to lead a quiet life away from the exigencies of court life.
The fall of Napoleon in 1814 restored the Portuguese royal family to their throne in Lisbon. Despite this event, Dom Joao refused to return to Europe until the political situation there settled. He was also faced with an uncertain future in Brazil if he departed. Dom Joao, who was married to Infanta Carlota Joaquina of Spain, had two sons, neither of which had reached majority in 1814. Dom Pedro, the eldest of the Braganza princes, was sixteen, his brother Dom Miguel was only twelve years old. And since Brazil had become a semi-independent political entity during Dom Joao's stay, the Prince Regent did not want to lose control over the affairs if the colony. Further pressure to return to Portugal was caused by the death of Queen Maria I in 1816. Dom Joao had acted as regent for his mother for almost two decades. Now he had finally ascended to he throne as Joao VI of Portugal, Joao I of Brazil. His coronation took place in Brazil amid pomp never before witnessed by the colonials.
Once safely enthroned Dom Joao went about sending envoys to various European courts in search for a bride for his heir. Several potential brides were inspected, yet none had the qualifications found in the Archduchess Maria-Leopoldina of Habsburg. Referred to as Leopoldina, the Austrian Archduchess was one of the daughters of Emperor Franz I and a sister of Empress Marie-Louise, Napoleon's second wife. For the faraway Braganzas the hand of Marie-Leopoldina was a great dynastic coup. It certainly did not matter one bit that Dom Pedro had never set eyes on his future bride and that he was more interested in chasing young Brazilian ladies than in entering a dynastic union with an Austrian Archduchess.
Leopoldina arrived in Brazil at the end of 1817. The Braganzas waited for her with great trepidation, particularly Dom Pedro. now styled as Prince of Beira. Leopoldina must have made a good impression on her husband for several months after her arrival the Brazilian court announced her first pregnancy. Leopoldina's first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage, no doubt caused by the ravages the Brazilian climate had inflicted on her frail body. Despite this, Pedro and Leopoldina continued their efforts to provide the crown with an heir. The couple's first child, Princess Maria da Gloria of Braganza, was born in 1819. Two years later the much awaited heir arrived on March 6, 1821. The newborn Braganza was given the name of Joao.
Soon after the birth of his grandson, Joao VI finally returned to Portugal. Along with him went most members of the Braganza family, Pedro remained in Brazil to act as regent for his father. Initially Joao VI was appalled at Pedro's desire to remain in Brazil, but after his son refused to back away from his decision, the king agreed to Pedro and Leopoldina remaining behind. Dom Miguel, the king's second son, did not question returning to Portugal for he never really adapted to life in Brazil. Besides it is quite possible that Miguel already foresaw his future as monarch of Portugal while his brother remained ruler of Brazil.
Leopoldina's life in Brazil was to be fraught with anxieties over her future, that of her children and the decreasing attention paid her by her husband. Her first disappointment was the untimely death of little Prince Joao in 1822. The arrival of a second daughter one month after Joao's death did not improve much the parents' spirits. For Pedro an heir was a necessity since the heir presumptive to Portugal and Brazil was his increasingly troublesome brother Dom Miguel. A third daughter, Paula Mariana, was born in 1823.
In late 1822, Prince Regent Pedro of Braganza decided to stage a coup d'etat to emancipate Brazil from the Portuguese crown. Joao VI himself had recommended this course of action as a means of guaranteeing the Brazilian crown would remain under the Braganzas. During the royal family's long stay in Brazil the colony had learned how to rule itself without Lisbon's guidance. Once Napoleon's regime was ousted, Lisbon faintly tried to restore its control over Brazilian affairs. This course of action was deeply resented by the Brazilians who were deeply resentful of Portuguese involvement in the country's internal affairs. Thus to guarantee that Brazil would not be completely lost, Prince Regent Pedro gave his support to the independence movement that sealed the colony's break from Lisbon. At the age of twenty-four, the Prince Regent became Emperor Pedro I of Brazil.
In the meantime, Pedro I continued to neglect his Austrian consort. It seemed that the only reason why he spent any time with her was in an effort to produce the long-awaited heir. The couple's fourth daughter, Francisca Carolina, was born in 1824. Pedro's impatience with Leopoldina knew no bounds and he continued to spend more time away from her and in the arms of his mistresses. Leopoldina's life in Brazil had turned into a living inferno, far away from her family, ignored by her husband, the young Brazilian empress slowly fell into deep depression. In Vienna, Emperor Franz I openly referred to his Brazilian son-in-law as a scoundrel. Nonetheless, Pedro and Leopoldina continued their efforts to produce an heir. The arrival of Prince Pedro de Alcantara of Braganza in late 1825, was Leopoldina's crowning satisfaction. Exhausted by constant childbearing since her arrival in Brazil, Empress Leopoldina died practically ignored by her husband one year after the birth of the couple's only surviving son.
Old King Joao VI died in early 1826. Faced with the quandary concerning the succession to his two thrones, Pedro I abdicated the Portuguese crown on his daughter Maria da Gloria. Pending her arrival in Portugal, Dom Miguel was declared Prince Regent of Portugal. Pedro also agreed to have his daughter marry her uncle Miguel upon becoming of age. Despite these future plans, Dom Miguel had other ideas in mind. It would not be long before Pedro I was faced with a rebellious brother who had tired of acting second fiddle for an absent monarch. In fact, Dom Miguel of Braganza considered himself the rightful heir to the Portuguese crown. Before Maria da Gloria's arrival, Dom Miguel staged a palace coup d'etat and declared enthroned himself as King Miguel I of Portugal. Maria da Gloria and her entourage sought refuge in London, pending a solution to Miguel's treacherous act. Three years she spent as the guest of the British monarch while Pedro I did little to strip Miguel of his illegally obtained kingly mantle. In 1829, Maria da Gloria returned to Brazil on the same ship transporting her widowed father's new bride, Princess Amelia of Leuchtenberg.
At the time of Amelia's arrival in Brazil, Pedro I was deeply involved with the woman who had made Leopoldina's last years a living hell. Domitila, Marqueza of Santos, was the mother of several of Pedro's illegitimate offspring. A woman of intense ambition she had poisoned Pedro against the his proud Austrian wife. Domitila had also wanted the emperor to legitimize their children, thus making them princes of the blood and placing them in competition with Leopoldina's own children. Already faced with a rebellious brother in Portugal, Pedro instead sent envoys to Europe in search of a new bride. Princess Amelia was their choice. She was the daughter of Eugene de Beauharnais, Duke of Leuchtenberg, and Princess Auguste of Bavaria. Amelia was not only the niece of the King of Bavaria, but her step-grandfather had been none other than Napoleon Bonaparte.
Pedro is said to have fallen madly in love with Amelia. Within months of her arrival in Rio de Janeiro, Amelia had basically displaced the Marqueza de Santos. The fact that Amelia seemed unable to bear children allowed her to always be willing and ready to satisfy the demanding needs of her husband. Pedro was also very relieved to see that his new wife was immediately accepted by his orphaned children.
In 1831 Pedro I finally decided to face his brother Miguel. The Emperor was also facing increasing criticism from his Brazilian subjects who demanded more imperial offices for natives. After touring the country with Amelia by his side, Pedro convinced himself that maybe it would be wise to enthrone little Dom Pedro as the new Brazilian monarch. Doing so would allow Pedro I the time to return to Portugal and put his brother Miguel in place. Finally, and not after serious confrontations with an increasingly angry populace, Pedro gave up and abdicated his throne on his only son Pedro II. A regency was quickly organized to rule Brazil until the infant monarch reached his legal age. Dom Pedro and Empress Amelia boarded an English ship, along with Maria de Gloria, and sailed towards Portugal. It had been twenty-four years since Pedro had set foot in his native Portugal.
As soon as they arrived in Europe, Pedro and Amelia toured several royal courts in search of help to overthrow King Miguel I. Despite Miguel's lack of support among other European monarchs, Pedro was not able to enlist their help for his enterprise. It was while in Paris, where he was visiting King Louis-Philippe, that Pedro came in contact with a large community of Portuguese refuges exiled by his authoritarian brother. After consultation with the leaders of the Portuguese community in Paris, Pedro accepted to lead the effort to overthrow Miguel. He also promised to uphold constitutional government in Portugal in exchange for the restoration of Maria da Gloria to her throne.
Dom Pedro mortgaged most of his property with London bankers. These funds allowed him the money needed to stage his surprise invasion of Portugal. In 1832 the rebel force quietly congregated on the Azores from where they sailed for Portugal. Dom Pedro and his seven thousand-strong army landed in Oporto in July of 1832. The city's garrison was surprised and Oporto surrendered before Pedro's forces fired a single shot. One year later, Pedro and Miguel faced each other in the battlefield. Pedro's armies was able to trap Miguel's forces administering the royal usurper's cause a deadly blow. Days later, Miguel hurriedly Abandoned Portugal and headed for exile in France. Dom Miguel would never recover his throne and eventually settled in Austria. It was there that he married a Lowenstein-Wertheim princess and fathered several children. His descendants finally made peace with the eldest branch of the Braganza family in the 1920's. And it is his great-grandson, Dom Duarte, Duke of Braganza, who is the head of the Portuguese royal family today.
Pedro did not live long enough to enjoy the success of his venture, for within a year of Miguel's overthrow he died unexpectedly. The former King of Portugal and former Emperor of Brazil was thirty-five years old. Maria II was fifteen when her father died and a ruling monarch in her own right. However, the young Queen of Portugal did not have a direct heir. In 1835 Maria II was married to the very handsome Prince Augustus of Leuchtenberg, Amelia's brother. Still, the misfortune which never left her parents' side struck soon enough and Augustus died eight months after their wedding. Disconsolate and lonely in her vast Lisbon palace, Maria II desperately needed a husband. Several candidates were offered from France, Naples, Germany and Sardinia. The royal race was won by King Leopold I of the Belgians who had submitted the candidacy of his nephew Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. The marriage contract was signed at the end of 1835 and several months later Ferdinand arrived in Portugal. Maria II and Ferdinand were married at Lisbon on April 8, 1836.
In Brazil, young Pedro II was kept in ignorance as to most of the events faced by his sister in Lisbon. The child emperor was placed under a regency until he reached the age required by law to begin his reign without supervision. In an effort to avoid Pedro II becoming a philandering womanizer, as his father had been, his tutors centered on raising his conscientiousness and morality. They also built within Pedro and his sisters a deep love and respect for the historical figure represented by their long-suffering mother. In doing so, the tutors of the imperial children turned Empress Leopoldina into a semi-divine figure who would be an ever present part throughout the life of Pedro II in particular.
The regency came to an end in 1840, when young Pedro, by then a tall, blue-eyed Germanic youth, was but fifteen years of age. Brazilian politicians had engulfed themselves in an increasing power struggle which was leading the empire to ruin. To put an end to political squabbling it was decided that Pedro II's majority would be declared before it was due. Doing so, the politicians believed, would allow the emperor to play a mediating role in the constant power struggles of the country's leading political parties. Soon after Pedro II's coronation the royal succession once again became an issue. The Braganzas had been very good at producing offspring, unfortunately for the dynasty most of these children were little Infantas. According to the laws of succession in Brazil, women would only succeed in the absence of a male prince. This also posed a problem concerning the search for suitable husbands for the emperor's sisters. For after all, these prospective husbands would have to be brought to Brazil and their children raised as Brazilian princes. In the 1840's not many European princelings were willing to travel halfway across to world to settle in an empire that at times seemed tittering on the brink of collapse. Hence, Pedro II had to be married off very soon to perpetuate the existence of the dynasty into the future.
Emissaries were sent to Europe. The main royal courts were visited and the results were less than satisfactory. Not only was there an absence of marriageable princesses, but those who remained unmarried were of a less than attractive nature. The Brazilian emissaries, rebuffed by the principal European courts, then headed to those which were not as politically relevant. One of these minor kingdoms was located in the city of Naples, where a branch of the Spanish royal family had ruled for over a century as Kings of the Two Sicilies. In fact, Pedro II's great-grandfather, King Carlos IV of Spain, was a brother of Ferdinand I of the Two-Sicilies, grandfather of the princess who was chosen as Pedro II's bride. Princess Theresa of the Two-Sicilies, a quiet and unpretentious soul, did not inherit any of the good looks held by some members of her family. It has been said that upon meeting his bride for the first time, the day before their marriage, Pedro II was simply dismayed at having to share his future with such an unbecoming royal bride. "They deceived me...I can't make her my wife. She is terrible," a deeply upset Pedro moaned . One of his tutors is purported to have reminded Pedro of the sad fate of his own mother and of his cavalier obligation towards fulfilling the needs of the imperial nursery. Nonetheless, and regardless of his misapprehension concerning Theresa, Pedro II married his Neapolitan cousin and settled to the procreation of a new generation of Braganza infants. Pedro's sisters, Francisca and Januaria, also married European princes at about the same time. Francisca of Braganza was married to Prince Philippe of Bourbon-Orleans, the fourth son of King Louis-Philippe of France; Januaria of Brazil was married to Prince Louis of the Two-Sicilies, Count of Aquila, brother of Empress Theresa.
Within a year of their marriage, Pedro II and Theresa were the parents of a little boy. Prince Affonso of Brazil was born in 1845 and his arrival brought a further closeness to the loveless union of his parents. One year later another child arrived, Princess Isabel. Yet, the imperial couple's increasing domestic happiness was seriously affected by the untimely death of their firstborn in 1847. The little Prince Affonso was found dead in his crib, without any apparent medical reason for this most unexpected event. the initial sadness caused by Affonso's death was lifted by the birth of a third child in that same year, Princess Leopoldina. Pedro II's sadness at the loss of his only male child was relieved by the birth of a second son in 1848, Pedro, Prince Imperial of Brazil. However, within two years of this happy event, death would take the little prince away. Desolate by the death of his son, Pedro II penned a sonnet in which his utter frustration was revealed:
"Twice have I already suffered death,
For the father dies, whose eyes see his son dead.
Mine is the most dismal of fates:
During sweet infancy I lacked father and mother--
And now my own small sons are gone."
After the loss of their second son, Pedro and Theresa were unable to have any more issue. The emperor resigned himself to having his daughter Isabel created Princess Imperial of Brazil, the official heiress of the empire. His inner sadness was extemporized by the abandoning of former court festivities and the transformation of his entourage into a serious and hardworking enterprise. The emperor gradually abolished many of the ceremonies that had previously demanded great pomp and circumstance, while also opening the imperial family to more contact with a larger number of Brazilian subjects.
Pedro II gained widespread recognition as a liberal ruler. At the time of his enthronement, Brazil was suffering under the evil system of slavery. A large majority of Brazilians were considered the property of their owners. The slave trade also enjoyed a booming business. Pedro II was repulsed by the trading of human beings as property. The slave trade also brought Brazil into open conflict with Great Britain, the world's dominant power at the time, as well as a sworn enemy of slavery. Once a slave trading nation herself, great Britain had long ago discovered that this practice did more harm than good. Besides disrupting ancient tribes in the colonies, the slave trade interrupted the socio-economic advancement of those colonies where it was still in practice. To bring an end to this despicable business, London finally abolished it and tried to force other slave trading nations to follow suit.
In 1826 Great Britain and Brazil signed a pact to bring an end to the slave trade. In exchange for the recognition of Brazil's independence, Great Britain obtained Pedro I's promise to abolish the slave trade in his empire. Pedro I tried to keep his promise, although imperial efforts were considerably disrupted by the actions of pirates and bootleg slave traders whole smuggled their human cargo into Brazil. Two decades after signing the pact, Great Britain and Brazil were forced to renegotiate a settlement of the slave trade issue. Given the enormous size of Brazil, many plantations and agricultural enterprises had experienced economic chaos by the disruption of the slave trade. An absence of hired hands had caused the collapse of many crops. Faced with this economic chaos, Pedro II was convinced by some of his advisers not to renew the pact with Great Britain. London's reaction was swift and a fleet of patrol boats was dispatched to police the Brazilian coastline. Unable to defend its coastline, the Brazilian eventually bowed to London's demands and in 1850 Pedro II and his government brought about a change in position. Brazilian efforts to interfere with Great Britain maritime policy along the coasts of the empire were Abandoned. More than a decade later Pedro II took the momentous decision to personally strike against Brazilian slave owners. Another pact was signed with Great Britain whereby "human traffic from Africa, Asia or any other continent remained forever forbidden." In 1871, Pedro II sponsored a law liberating the womb of all female slaves. This meant that every child born from a slave from then on would be free from birth. A further strike against slavery was delivered in 1885 when the imperial government declared that all slaves over the age of 60 years were free. Three years later, and acting as regent for her absent father, Princess Isabel finally abolished slavery in Brazil. This act of sublime liberalism gained Isabel the title of "Redemptress," yet it cost the dynasty its imperial throne.
By the mid-1860's, Dom Pedro II's two surviving daughters reached marriageable age. The crown needed to secure the imperial succession and suitable consorts were in great demand for the Brazilian princesses. Not wanting to pass up this opportunity to ally his family to yet another great dynasty, King Leopold I of Belgium played an important role in securing that two of his nephews would find future, careers and happiness in Brazil. The two young princes were also grandsons of King Louis-Philippe of France and his wife Marie-Amelie of Bourbon-Sicilies, an aunt of Dom Pedro's wife. Thus it was with great trepidation that Duke Louis-Augustus of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Prince Gaston of Bourbon-Orleans arrive at the end of 1864 in Rio de Janeiro. The royal matchmakers had chosen Louis-Augustus as the future husband of the Imperial Princess Isabel, while Gaston would marry Princess Leopoldina. In the end no amount of intervention from the parents made the two sisters change their mind, Isabel fell in love with Gaston, while Leopoldina happily chose Louis-Augustus. Dom Pedro himself was rather satisfied knowing that his two daughters would marry for love and not for reasons of state, which had been the case between him and his wife.
The two marriages turned out successfully, for both Isabel and Leopoldina were very happy with their respective consorts. Within a year of their wedding Leopoldina and Louis-Augustus became the parents of a healthy boy. And even though Leopoldina of Brazil died unexpectedly in 1871 at the age of twenty-four years, she and her husband had four little sons by then. Louis-Augustus was devastated by the loss of his wife, as were her grief-stricken parents, and the widower never again married. Louis-Augustus eventually settled in Brazil with his dynastic children. When the Brazilian throne was overthrown, Louis-Augustus and his sons returned to Europe, settling in Austria where their family had large properties from their Kohary inheritance.
Imperial Princess Isabel and Prince Gaston of Bourbon-Orleans remained childless for the first decade of their marriage. Their first child, Luiza Victoria was born in 1874. A very weak baby, the little princess only survived birth by a few hours. In October of 1875 Isabel gave birth to a healthy boy who was baptized with the name of Pedro d'Alcantara. It was this little prince who guaranteed the direct line of succession for yet another generation, for if his parents had remained childless the crown would have passed to the descendants of Leopoldina. Nevertheless, the imperial nursery rapidly filled with the arrival of two more healthy sons, Luis born in 1878, and Antoine born in 1881. The birth of seven grandsons provided Pedro II with a large degree of satisfaction, while it also served to smooth his unhappiness at being unable to father a son.
The placid existence of the Brazilian imperial family came to an end in the late 1880's. Although initially a conservative ruler, Pedro II eventually recognized the inherent unfairness of the slavery system affecting so many millions of his subjects. As mentioned before, Pedro gradually passed laws that liberated his subjects. By the late 1880's it was just a matter of time before the emperor abolished slavery in Brazil altogether. Unfortunately for the Crown, Brazilian landowners and the country's military leadership were not keen on the liberalizing policies of Pedro II. The abolition of slavery subjected landowners to higher capital investment in manpower, and since these conservative groups were the mainstay of the military, the armed forces were predisposed to side with the land owning classes. Dom Pedro was traveling in Europe when Princess Isabel, acting as regent in her father's stead, passed a law abolishing slavery in Brazil on May 13, 1888. This law, commonly known as the Golden Law, not only brought international praise to the Brazilian imperial family, but also condemned the Crown. The landowners quickly organized and built opposition to the monarchy. Revolts broke out in different regions of the country. In many instances these revolts were helped by Brazil's republican neighbors, countries that had always resisted having an emperor in Latin America.
Princess Imperial Isabel's decree eventually led to the proclamation of the Brazilian republic on November 16, 1889. Pedro II and his family were politely exiled to Europe. The Brazilian exiles first settled in Portugal, where Dom Pedro's nephew King Carlos I reigned. It was not long after the their arrival in Portugal, that Pedro II and his family suffered the loss of Empress Donna Theresa. The Empress was devastated by their exile from the land where she had settled almost half a century before. She died unexpectedly, some have argued that she died of grief, on December 28, 1889. Dom Pedro II followed his wife two years later, when he died while visiting Paris on December 5, 1891.
While Princess Leopoldina's children settled in Austria, Princess Imperial Isabel and Prince Gaston established themselves in France. Gaston, a grandson of King Louis-Philippe, had properties in France. The Chateau d'Eu, located in Normandy, became their primary residence. The couple also possessed properties in Paris, where they became leading members of among royalist groups. Upon Dom Pedro II's death, Isabel became titular Empress of Brazil and her eldest son, Dom Pedro d'Alcantara received the title of Prince Imperial of Brazil. In 1908, two weeks prior to his wedding, Dom Pedro renounced his rights to the Brazilian crown, as well as those of any future descendants. This he did in order to marry Countess Elisabeth Dobrzensky de Dobrzenicz, a Czech aristocrat. The Imperial Brazilian succession was passed then to Isabel and Gaston's second son, Prince Dom Luis, who in 1908 married his cousin princess Maria-Pia of Bourbon-Sicilies.
Dom Pedro d'Alcantara and his wife were the parents of five children. Isabelle, their eldest child, married her cousin Prince Henri of Bourbon-Orleans, Count of Paris, and present Head of the House of Bourbon-Orleans. The other children are: Dom Pedro Gastao, married to Princess Maria-Esperanza of Bourbon-Orleans, an aunt of King Juan Carlos I of Spain; Donna Francisca, who married her cousin Dom Duarte of Braganza, Duke of Braganza; Dom Joao, a businessman in Brazil; and Donna Theresa who married a Portuguese commoner.
Prince Imperial Dom Luis of Brazil and his wife were the parents of three children: Dom Pedro-Henrique, who married Princess Maria of Bavaria; Dom Luis who died unmarried; and Donna Pia-Marie, who married Count René de Nicolaÿ. Prince Imperial Dom Luis died in Cannes, on March 26, 1920. His younger brother, Prince Dom Antoine, an officer in the Austrian Imperial Army, had died at the end of the Great War in November of 1918. Prince Dom Antoine died unmarried.
The deaths of her two youngest sons saddened the last years of Princess Isabel and Prince Gaston. Isabel died in 1921 never having seen Brazil since her family were exiled three decades earlier. Prince Gaston of Bourbon-Orleans survived his wife by less than a year. He died on board a ship destined to Brazil in 1922. By then, the Brazilian government had abrogated to banishment of the Imperial Family, and Gaston, accompanied by his only surviving son and his family, decided to return to the land of his wife. Already in frail health, for by then Gaston was in his eightieth year, he did not survive the journey.
The abrogation of the law of exile not only allowed the Orleans-Braganzas to return to Brazil, but it also restored ownership of many of their properties. Since then, many of the descendants of Isabel and Gaston have settled in Brazil. They continue to hold leading positions among the country's ruling elite, as well as deriving great respect from many of their former subjects. In fact, a few years ago Brazil held a referendum to select the country's form of government. the restoration of the imperial crown was one of the choices offered to the Brazilian people. Many of the Orleans-Braganza actively campaigned in favor of the monarchy, which in the end received about 20% of the popular vote. After one century of republicanism, this result was nothing short of impressive for the heirs of Dom Pedro II.
Today, the Brazilian Imperial Family remains divided in two opposing branches. On the one side are the descendants of Dom Pedro d'Alcantara, particularly Dom Pedro Gastao, who refuse to recognize their ancestor's renunciation of his rights in 1908. On the other side are the grandchildren of Prince Imperial Dom Luis, most of whom have retained their dynastic rights. Experts in these sort of issues have argued that the document signed by Dom Pedro d'Alcantara in 1908 was irrevocable. Even Princess Isabel, before her death, refused to allow the revocation of her son's renunciation. Thus, it seems that the descendants of Dom Luis have a solid dynastic hold on their Brazilian inheritance. Yet, if Brazil were to choose a new monarchy as a from of government, many feel that all descendants of Dom Pedro II have the right to present themselves as candidates to the Brazilian people.
Geplaatst 21 maart 2008 - 08:45
...heel mooie site 'k Had 'm destijds bij m'n favorieten staan...door opschoning pc was ik 'm kwijt, dus bedankt voor de link
Website van de familie Vooral de 'galeria' is de moeite van het bekijken waard!
"Ik bid, dat Christus' blijdschap over Zijn hele mensheid kome en haar blijdschap in Hem vervuld worde.
Hij staat aan de deur van haar hart en klopt. Indien zij Zijn stem hoort en de deur opendoet, zal Hij tot haar ingaan"
uit: "Eenzaam maar niet alleen", door koningin Wilhelmina.
Geplaatst 14 januari 2009 - 10:43
Nieuwe poging (ik kreeg ineens alleen nog maar chinese letters)
Geplaatst 14 januari 2009 - 10:53
Hieronder de regels van de orde, die ook in Nederland een 'afdeling' heeft:
Statuten in Engels
Statutes of the Royal Confraternity of São Teotónio
OF THE NATURE, IDENTITY AND ENDS
The Royal Confraternity of São Teotónio, founded the 2nd of November of 2000, under the Royal Protection of Dom Miguel de Bragança, Duke of Viseu, Infante of Portugal, is a secular organization of the faithful with common ends, a group of men willingly desiring to defend the origins and Christian values, maintain and honor the spirit of and remember and promote devotion to Saint Teotónio;
Help in all possible ways the works of charity and assist the Dioceses of the Universal Church;
Diffuse the cultural and historical aspects that surrounded the figure of Saint Teotónio (first Portuguese Saint);
Lend help and mutual aid between confreres, in case of need and with the necessary discretion;
Relate among themselves holders of Titles of Nobility, members of Confraternities, of Military Orders and of Chivalry and Nobiliary
Corporations; those distinguished with Orders and Medals of Merit and Commendation, Civil and Military; Members of Academies and Institutes, National or International.
OF THE MEMBERS
Anyone may join who is of age and has an interest in the development of the ends and who are admitted by the Grand Prior. One is required to present a Baptism Certificate or, in its absence, a Parochial Certificate may take its place. In exceptional cases and based on
his own knowledge, the Grand Prior or respective Prior General can excuse such presentation. One is still required to present a properly signed Petition for Admission with two sponsors, Curriculum Vitae, a photograph of equal kind, and copies of documents judged necessary in support of the statements made. It is the responsibility of the respective Priors General and/or Commanders to propose to the Grand Prior the Class and Category in which the applicant will be admitted them; they should deliver the documents referred to above and be in the possession of all of the Civil Rights. Those will not be able to be admitted who have incurred some canonical penalty ferendae or latae sententiae.
OF THE CLASSES OF MEMBERS
The Royal Confraternity of São Teotónio is established with Three Classes of Confrades, as follows:
• Brothers Confreres of Justice (holders of Title or Titles of Nobility)
• Brothers Confreres of Merit
• Brothers Confreres Honorary
The Ladies will be designated Sisters Confreiras in identical Classes.
The categories established under these classes:
• Brother Confrere - Knight
• Brother Confrere - Commander
• Brother Confrere - Grand Cross
OF THE ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT
The Grand Prior is the delegate of all the Authority and Power. The Organ of Government is the Grand Priory, presided over obligatorily by the Grand Prior, that will have vote of quality. The Grand Priory is composed of the Grand Prior, Vice Grand Prior and Grand Chancellor. The Consultative Organ of the Grand Priory, the Capitulo of Priors General, will be able to be called whenever the Grand Priory understands. It is competent for the Grand Prior to nominate the Priors General, Priests and Commanders, as well as to create National or International Priories. For formation of a Priory, there should be a Commandery in operation with a minimum of seven Confrades. It is competent still for the Grand Prior to nominate Commanders, as well as to create the respective Commanderies, and decide of their eventual passage to Priories.
Each Priory should have a Chaplain, competent for the respective Prior to nominate. The Grand Prior is nominated "AD VITAM" [for life]. Upon his death he should be replaced by the Vice Grand Prior or Chancellor, who will ascend to the maximum charge, should be confirmed by the Spiritual Protector. The new Grand Prior will nominate a new Vice Grand Prior and Chancellor. It is mandatory Condition that the Grand Prior be of Portuguese Nationality.
OF THE LOSS OF THE CONDITION OF MEMBER
The quality of Brother Confrade or Sister Confreira will be lost:
• By voluntary renunciation.
• By the public conduct of the Confrade, that be judged by the Grand Prior as being able to bring dishonor upon the Royal Confraternity of São Teotónio, or by actions or offenses against other Confrades.
OF THE RIGHTS
It is a right of all of the Confrades to watch all of the actions of the Royal Confraternity and to use the respective Insignia inherent to their Class and Category, as well as the cloak Capitular, or another Uniform that be established for internal regulation.
OF THE REQUIREMENTS
It is required of all of the Confrades to fulfill the statutes and internal regulations, as well as the decrees emitted by the Grand Priory or their respective Priors, to honor the quotas that are established and give maximum contributions to the Royal Confraternity of São Teotónio, looking to spread the principles that brought about its foundation. Any contingency not covered by law will be dealt with in a meeting of the Grand Priory.
OF THE OFFICIAL DATES
These are the official dates of this Royal Confraternity:
• Anniversary of the Birth of Saint Teotónio (unknown date)
• Anniversary of the Death of Saint Teotónio -18th of February
• Anniversary of the Conference of Zamora 1123 - 4th of October
• Anniversary of the Restoration - 1st of December
OF THE CEREMONIES
They must, whenever possible, be commemorated with a Eucharistic Celebration, followed by a Lunch or Gala Dinner. The Ceremony of reception of new Confrades should be carried out following the Holy Mass whenever possible and be governed by internal regulation.
OF THE INVESTITURES
The Grand Prior is the only legitimate authority for investing new members, rewarding their merits, and promoting their promotion in Class and Category. He will be able to delegate his prerogatives, when the circumstances so advise him, to the Vice Grand Prior or to the Grand Chancellor.
OF THE INSIGNIAS
The Insignia of the Royal Confraternity of São Teotónio, by excellence, is a golden, oval shield, within a laureate frame at the center the figure of Saint Teotónio holding the right hand of Dom Afonso Henriques to whom, facing, he genuflects the left knee to the ground, under a background of blue. Above is the golden Royal Portuguese Crown with a cap of red.
OF THE MOTTO
SURGE REX MEUS, ERIGE REGNUM TUUM (Rise Up My King and Build Your Kingdom)
OF THE COLORS
The colors are the Blue and White of the first Flag of Portugal.
Final authority - To the Spiritual Protector, as provided in the Code of Canon Law and in the present Statutes, belong the following powers:
• The Right to Visit and Inspect the activities of this Royal Confraternity.
• The approval of statutory modifications.
• The conformation and destitution of the Grand Prior.
• The dissolution of the Confraternity in conformity with the Code of Canon Law.
• Everything else that Canon Law attributes to him.
I confirm as a Secular Organization of the Faithful the Royal Confraternity of São Teotónio, and, according to the Canon 314 of the Code of Canon Law, I APPROVE the present Statutes by which it is dictated that the Royal Confraternity be governed. I exhort all of the Members to fulfill its ends with generosity and the spirit of Faith, trusting that this will contribute efficiently to their Christian formation and apostolic action. Done in Lisbon the 7th day of the Month of May of the year of the Grace of Our Lord 2005.
The Spiritual Protector
Dom Abílio Rodas de Sousa Ribas
By the Grace of God and of the Holy Apostolic See Bishop of the Diocese of São Tomé e Príncipe
Geplaatst 14 januari 2009 - 16:00
Aardige man, kwam hem bij het huwelijk van Fleur van Württemberg tegen.
'k Vond een foto van Dom Miguel, hertog van Viseu, infante van Portugal. Hij is de jongere broer van Duarte en speelt een belangrijke rol in de koninklijke confraterniteit Sao Teotoni.
Geplaatst 25 mei 2010 - 09:53
Bron: Ref Dag
Portugal zit niet meer te wachten op Dom Duarte Pio
Het is geen leuk jaar voor Duarte Pio, hertog van Braganza. In 2010 viert Portugal groots de afschaffing van de monarchie, honderd jaar geleden. De herdenking gaat gepaard met tentoonstellingen, concerten en andere culturele evenementen. De Portugese president verheugt zich op de activiteiten. En dat terwijl aan de overgang naar de republikeinse staatsvorm in 1908 een moord op koning Carlos en diens zoon –familie van Duarte Pio– voorafging.
Dom Duarte Pio is geen directe afstammeling van Carlos, maar stamt af van een voorvader. Hij is de enige die aanspraak kan maken op de troon, omdat de familieleden van de voormalige koning de Portugese nationaliteit niet meer hebben, een voorwaarde om rechten te kunnen laten gelden op de Portugese troon.
Duarte Pio weet dat en profileert zich ook als zodanig. Zijn website, casarealportuguesa.org, toont overeenkomsten met die van regerende vorstenhuizen.
Toch staat Duarte Pio niet op zijn strepen. Hij eist de troon niet terug. Wel benadrukt hij de betekenis die zijn familie voor het Zuid-Europese land heeft gehad. Portugal is sinds de komst van de republiek „achteruitgegaan” en „instabiel geworden”, zo zei hij in 2008 in een interview.
Veel aanhang heeft het vorstenhuis niet meer in Portugal. Er is een kleine monarchistische partij, maar veel inbreng heeft die niet in het parlement. De partij laat overigens in het midden of Duarte Pio de echte troonopvolger zou moeten zijn. In de achterban zijn ook Portugezen die twee andere afstammelingen noemen. De partij vindt dat op het moment dat Portugal weer voor de monarchie kiest het hooggerechtshof of een stemming moet uitmaken wie dan op de troon moet komen.
Duarte Pio werd in 1945 geboren. Hij kwam ter wereld in de Portugese ambassade in Bern in Zwitserland; het land waar de familie in ballingschap sinds 1910 woonde. De geboorte in de ambassade was een keuze van zijn ouders, die zo de Portugese nationaliteit van hun zoon wilden waarborgen.
In 1951 bezocht Dom Duarte zijn vaderland voor het eerst. In 1952 vestigde de familie zich definitief in Portugal. Na de middelbare school studeerde hij aan een Portugese militaire academie en een landbouwuniversiteit. Dom Duarte heeft zich jaren sterk gemaakt voor de onafhankelijkheid van Oost-Timor. Die strijd begon hij al lang voordat het thema in de rest van de wereld onderwerp van gesprek werd. Oost-Timor is een voormalige Portugese kolonie.
Dom Duarte trouwde op latere leeftijd met de jongere Portugese zakenvrouw Isabel de Heredia. Op de bruiloft waren veel vooraanstaande Portugese politici aanwezig. Dom Duarte heeft drie kinderen: prins Afonso (1996), infante Maria Francisca (1997) en infante Dinis (1999).
Geplaatst 25 mei 2010 - 10:39
Geplaatst 01 februari 2012 - 21:21
Maria Adelaide van Braganca, de tante van Dom Duarte is op 31 januari 100 jaar geworden. Ze werd geeerd en bekroond met de Medaille van de Orde van Burgerlijke Verdienste.
Ondertussen Hare Hoogheid Infanta Maria Adelaide de Bragança, Dom Duarte de Bragança tante, draaide 100 jaar oud op 31 januari 2012. Volgens Manuel Beninger, schrijver van PPM Braga, werd de Infanta geboren in St. Jean de Luz, Frankrijk en is:
[de] dochter van D. Miguel van Braganza en prinses Therese van Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. De prinses, is de oudste persoon in de familie Bragança, en zal nu worden geëerd en bekroond met de Medaille van de Orde van Burgerlijke Verdienste.
De prinses Adelaide de Bragança van Uden, de weduwe van de Nederlandse arts Nicolaas van Uden, is tante van de hertog van Bragança en de enige nog levende kleinkind van koning Miguel I van Portugal.
Om foto's te bekijken en om meer te leren over de verbazingwekkende leven van de Infanta Maria Adelaide kunt u hier de site bezoekt, PPM Braga,.
Meer foto's: http://ppmbraga.blog...nca-tia-de.html
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Geplaatst 04 februari 2012 - 07:41
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